01882nas a2200157 4500008004100000245006300041210006300104300000700167490000600174520139900180100001901579700002101598700002001619700002101639856006401660 2018 eng d00aActive and passive diffusion processes in complex networks0 aActive and passive diffusion processes in complex networks a420 v33 aIdeas, information, viruses: all of them, with their mechanisms, spread over the complex social information, viruses: all tissues described by our interpersonal relations. Usually, to simulate and understand the unfolding of such complex phenomena are used general mathematical models; these models act agnostically from the object of which they simulate the diffusion, thus considering spreading of virus, ideas and innovations alike. Indeed, such degree of abstraction makes it easier to define a standard set of tools that can be applied to heterogeneous contexts; however, it can also lead to biased, incorrect, simulation outcomes. In this work we introduce the concepts of active and passive diffusion to discriminate the degree in which individuals choice affect the overall spreading of content over a social graph. Moving from the analysis of a well-known passive diffusion schema, the Threshold model (that can be used to model peer-pressure related processes), we introduce two novel approaches whose aim is to provide active and mixed schemas applicable in the context of innovations/ideas diffusion simulation.
Our analysis, performed both in synthetic and real-world data, underline that the adoption of exclusively passive/active models leads to conflicting results, thus highlighting the need of mixed approaches to capture the real complexity of the simulated system better.1 aMilli, Letizia1 aRossetti, Giulio1 aPedreschi, Dino1 aGiannotti, Fosca uhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s41109-018-0100-5